שנת פרסום ראשונה: 2013
מפרסם: Pediatric Clinics of North America
- Patients with platelet function disorders (PFD) have abnormal primary hemostasis and typically present with bruising, epistaxis, and especially menorrhagia.
- PFD are more common than previously recognized and may be more common than von Willebrand disease, especially in adolescents with menorrhagia.
- Severe PFD such as Bernard-Soulier syndrome and Glanzmann thrombasthenia are rare but fairly straightforward to diagnose.
- Milder PFD are more common but may be more difficult to diagnose and may not be identified with the readily available platelet function screen tests.
- Advanced testing for PFD includes platelet light transmission aggregometry, electron microscopy, and biochemical analysis; such testing is less widely available and should be overseen by a pediatric hematologist.
- Supportive care measures such as oral contraceptives, antifibrinolytic agents, and iron replacement are the mainstay of management for patients with symptomatic PFD.
- Desmopressin, platelet transfusions, and recombinant activated factor VII may be indicated in certain clinical settings.
Pediatr Clin N Am 60 (2013) 1475–1488